‘Civil Defence’ includes any
measures, not amounting to actual combat, for
affording protection to any person, property, place
or thing in India or any part of the territory
thereof against any hostile attack, whether from
air, land, sea or other places, or for depriving any
such attack of the whole for part of its effect,
whether such measures are taken before, during at or
after the time of such attack.
To save life.
To minimize damage to
To maintain continuity of
Civil Defence is the defence of the
people, by the people and for the people. It is not
the defence by the military as some may understand.
Civil Defence is the measure adopted by the civilian
population, Government, Local Self-bodies, Voluntary
agencies, NGO’s etc. during the war to minimize the
effect of enemy action on men and its armed force to
win the war in battle fields. In fact the scope has
touched such a magnitude that Civil Defence is
regarded as the Fourth Arm besides, Army, Navy and Air
The Meghalaya Home Guards have
also been deployed in large numbers for the security
of Government, Private and Public Organisations.
Cities are categorised as Civil
Defence Towns according to their importance as
targets of enemy attack. In the State of Meghalaya
the capital city Shillong is categorised as a
Category-I Civil Defence Town. Tura and Jowai have
been categorised Civil Defence Towns Category-II. As
a Category-I Town, Shillong is authorised the
following 12 (twelve) services :
Fire Fighting service
Depot and Transport service
Welfare service and
Corpse Disposal service.
The Civil Defence Wing is responsible
for Training volunteers in Civil Defence subject such as
First Aid, Rescue, Un-exploded Bomb, reconnaissance,
fire fighting, warden training, communication etc. These
trainings are to familiarize them with measures to be
adopted in the event of natural or man made calamities.
Some Institutions have been covered
under the Civil Defence Training Scheme and these
include the Bharat Scouts and Guides, NCC, NGOs etc.
Civil Defence Trainings in all Educational Institutions
in the State is also being conducted